OVERVIEW: Once folks are caught up with the reading from last week, you will have read descriptions of various ways that researchers who rely on qualitative methods develop their research questions, create rigorous qualitative studies, and make decisions about methodology (what practices--methods of research--will they use to try to answer their research question) they will use.
Bhattacharya offers us an example of a research question she had about a class she was teaching and how effective--or, really, what did a particular assignment accomplish in her class. She offers us a variety of research questions that propel the researcher to use different methodologies to find the answer. Different methods yield different kinds of data and, thus, answer the questions differently.
While it is true that journalists and other writers don't necessarily understand or describe their work as a "research process," it is certainly true that they would say the "do research." And what I would hope you would see is that even though they might go about it differently, many of the kinds of things that Bhattacharya says go into a rigorous qualitative research study is the same kind of work that would go into producing, for instance, a profile piece in The New York Times or, as we read for this week, a personal essay in The New Yorker.
You are reading two pieces this Monday. One is a scholarly piece in the field of Rhetoric and Composition (Writing Studies) and one is piece written by Marcus Laffey (which, it turns out, is a pseudonym), about cop life in the late 1990s in New York City.
DETAILS: Once you've read these two pieces, in your Reading Journal for this week, try to identify, for each of the two articles, what Bhattacharya would call, the research question. Secondly, how do the authors of the two pieces collect their data? What methodologies do they use (remember that Bhattacharya says that most qualitative researchers use a mix of methodologies--that can apply here too). Finally, how does each set of authors establish the "rigor" of their work, their research and their resulting argument (answer to their research question.
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9/28/2020 03:27:51 pm
While the scholarly piece was slightly difficult to comprehend, it is obvious that they are focusing on new teaching and research practices that emphasize the importance of multimodality and globalization as well as describe the tools that capture literary practices, which are represented to them by students who hold transnational connections. I believe the research question for this particular piece would be how has the transition to digital platforms affected the learning and writing processes for transnationally connected persons. The authors of this piece collected their data through video interviews that they also summarized in the paper and featured online, as well as through an assignment asking students to take video of their writing process, and they focused on one particular student. I think the methodology used here would be Narrative Inquiry, and more specifically, Biographical Study, which focuses on documenting the narrative of someone else’s life using different types of interviews to compose a comprehensive narrative.
9/28/2020 03:42:27 pm
I think Bhattacharya would say that the research question for the cop piece is attempting to deconstruct, because it seems to be trying to address certain stereotypes about policing and analyze whether or not the way police to society interactions are perceived maintain that social conditioning she talks about. The author of the cop piece collects his data by reflecting upon his past experiences and sharing stories of things he felt and encountered while on the job. This certainly sounds like the author is using autoethnography, because he is using his own personal experiences in order to attempt to draw conclusions about police and society. Using these experiences, he can better position them within the societal context at the time period, and his connection to what he is researching could cause for greater precision and care when it comes to analysis. You could also argue that critical ethnography may be an effective methodology to employ, because the relationship being studied is one of cop to citizen or cop to society, and the clear power dynamic that exists between those two parties would allow for social inequity to be studied. As far as rigors go, I think prolonged duration of data collection would apply, because he is pulling from years of experience to try and gain a better understanding. I also think that a discussion of his values and beliefs would be necessary, because as a cop, he likely has certain biases, opinions, or prior knowledge that could affect the study. Lastly, identifying ways that the research can be understood to have multiple meanings or outcomes is important, because his experiences are not necessarily what everyone else experiences, and to draw one universal truth from his study would be ineffective.
9/28/2020 07:56:09 pm
Both of the pieces for this Monday were very interesting and both similar in a way. The piece about pedagogy is intriguing. Looking at how this digital world has taken over school and how we evaluate learning is interesting. Look at the world we live in now, we learn through zoom. To me the question here is, how do we see the impact that the digital world has on the way teachers teach and how students learn. Here students are asked for feedback via written responses. They also wrote autobiographically essays in which they traced digital media. In a way this kind of reminds me of a survey format to get answers to the research problems. This research is more featured on a case by case basis by each person that wrote back about an autobiographical essay. To me these relate the most to Case Studies. And the answers via this written work give the researchers the answers they want regarding digital media.
9/29/2020 06:24:39 pm
"Globalism and Multimodality in a Digitized World" by Gail E. Hawisher and Cynthia L. Selfe focuses, obviously, on pedagogy, particularly in relation to pedagogy on a mass scale. It relates to current day by posing the question of how the introduction of technology has affected teaching environments. The research question for this article could possibly be What role does technology play in pedagogy? Hawisher and Selfe use the interview study method in order to gather their information. They establish the answer to their question through this method, and also through a phenomenological study. By asking students about their experiences, the researchers are able to evaluate the answer to their question in a way that does not make assumptions about an experience they are not part of as first hand as contemporary students are.
10/1/2020 01:51:46 pm
I think in Globalism and Multimodality in a Digitalized World, Bhattacharya would consider the research question to be: Where does technology stand in pedagogy? How do we teach with technology? They conducted their research by talking to students who were going to their own respective universities, but were connected online, and not in the country of their university. The two methods that they used for research were interviews, conducted online, and essays on digital media. A large portion of the research was done orally in both cases, despite using technology. Both research methods are used to answer the research question on a personal level for the students. The students were writing autobiographical essays about their own personal life experiences with technology, and learning to become computer literate in a digital age. This was used to inform the researchers on digital media and how teaching is involved in technology.
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